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The Role of Drive Brake in Hoists and How It Works

05 June 2023

Explore Hydromech’s drive brake in hoists, understanding its pivotal role and operational mechanics for safer and efficient lifting. Call  (03) 9791 1322.

A critical component of crane and hoist safety is the mechanical drive brake. It acts as the crane hoist’s secondary braking mechanism, limiting the lowering speeds of rated weights and preventing loads from free falling. Some cranes, however, include an electronic drive brake that performs the same job.

Furthermore, the mechanical drive brake is intended to assist the motor holding brake in holding the load in place when the hoist motor stops running, but if the holding brake is not set, the mechanical drive brake will stop and hold the load or at the very least allow the load to descend at a controlled rate.

The Function of the Drive Brake in Hoists

The drive brake is an important component of hoists and plays an important role in their operation. Here’s a quick rundown of the drive brake’s role in hoists:

  • Safety

The major function of the drive brake is to keep the hoist and its operator safe. When the hoist motor is not working or there is a power interruption, the brake activates automatically. This protects the burden from dropping and injuring or damaging someone.

  • Control

The drive brake aids in the control of the load by slowing it down and stopping it when necessary. It guarantees that the weight is not moved too rapidly or far, preventing accidents and damage.

  • Energy Conservation

The drive brake saves energy by lowering the load on the engine while the hoist is not in use. It also helps to extend the life of the hoist by reducing wear and tear on the motor and other components.

  • Load Capacity

The drive brake also contributes to the hoist’s load capacity. It guarantees that the hoist can safely raise and support the load without surpassing its maximum capacity.

How A Drive Break Work in Hoists

In the event of an emergency or power outage, the drive brake of a hoist is designed to ensure a safe and controlled halt of the weight. Here is how it works:

  • Activation

When the hoist motor is turned off, the drive brake engages automatically. This can occur when the hoist is not in use if there is a power outage.

  • Friction

The drive brake generates friction between the brake disc and the brake pads. If you’re looking for a unique way to express yourself creatively, here is the place to be.

  • Release

An electromagnetic or manual brake release is used to release the brake. When you use the electromagnetic brake release, the magnetic field that holds the brake pads in place is neutralised, enabling the brake to disengage. The first time you use a lever, the first time you use a lever, and so on.

  • Adjustment

The friction created by the drive brake may be controlled by adjusting it. This is required to guarantee that the hoist can safely lift and sustain the load without damaging the brake or other components.


The drive brake requires routine maintenance to guarantee optimal operation. This includes regularly inspecting, cleaning, and adjusting the brake pads and discs. Inspecting the brake for wear and tear and repairing worn or broken components is also necessary.

The drive brake is an integral hoist that guarantees the weight is stopped safely and controllably. It generates friction between the brake pads and the disc and may be adjusted to guarantee appropriate operation. The following are the results of a thorough examination of the situation.

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